Lost Survival.

Discussion in 'Other Not Listed Situations' started by Keith H., Jan 24, 2017.

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  1. Keith H.

    Keith H. Moderator Staff Member
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    Lost Survival.

    In an ordinary lost situation if you did the right thing & notified several people in regards to WHERE you were going & WHEN you intended to return, then all you have to do is sit tight & wait for someone to find you. This is of course providing you STOP as soon as you realise that you are lost, & do not stray too far from your intended route.

    IF you feel that you have strayed too far from your intended route, OR you failed to tell anyone where you were going, then there are practicle things you can do to stay safe & perhaps find your own way out.

    1) If you are low on water, find some if you can without straying too far from your present position. Low ground is generally better than high ground, though a rock plateau can often hold water in holes & basins in the rock. In flat terrain look for greenery growing. Usually this is trees or bushes. This could prove to be a water hole or a water course.

    2) Remember that providing you keep yourself safe & have water, TIME is not an issue. Staying alive is more important than losing your job! Concentrate on staying alive & getting out, relax if you can & don’t panic.

    3) You may need to construct a simple shelter from the sun or bad weather. With this goes making a fire, but make sure the fire is SAFE & can not spread! Clear an area of 5 paces all around your camp site, but only make fire if it is safe to do so. In extreme hot & dry conditions you should not light a fire.

    4) During the day listen for the sounds of people; vehicle engines, car doors shutting, dogs barking, house doors closing, the sound of chainsaws or axes cutting wood or the sound of a generator or water pump. Look for smoke from camp fires or house chimneys. This will give you a direction to follow, but make sure you do NOT go round in circles. Line up three trees or land marks or a combination of these in the direction you need to go. When you get to the first marker, put your back against it & line up the remaining two markers with another third one. Continue on & repeat.

    5) At night listen for the same sounds, but unless they are close-by, just mark the direction with rocks or sticks or mark trees & wait until daylight unless you have a torch or are fairly certain you are on safe ground. Travelling in the dark can be dangerous & you do NOT want to injure yourself. Look for vehicle headlights, radio tower lights, house lights, camp fires, lighthouse lights if you are near the coast. Watch for aircraft lights, there may be an airstrip not too far away.

    Low ground can be good for finding water, but high ground will give you the best chance of seeing something that will help you get out. High ground will also make you more visible if you keep a fire going. Adding green vegetation to a fire will create more smoke. Passing aircraft may also spot your fire.

    THREE is the S.O.S. signal, three whistle blasts, three gun shots, three fires (keep them safe), three COOEEs (a shout), three air horn blasts, three flashes from a torch at night, three flashes from a mirror during the day. You get the idea.

    IF all else fails, going down hill SHOULD eventually lead you to a water course/source. EXAMPLE: you are on high ground, you go down. When you reach the lower ground, say a valley or gully, it too should go downward in one direction. Follow this downward & continue doing this until you find a water course. Mountain areas at their highest points produce what is called "Header Streams". These are where the water source starts from & these eventually run into streams or creeks which eventually lead to lakes & rivers. Water is also a source of food, & communities are usually built close to a water source.

    If you do not expend too much energy, you can survive roughly 3 weeks on water alone, no food. But you can only survive roughly 3 days without water.

    This article taken from: http://australiansurvivalandpreppers.blogspot.com.au/2017/01/lost-survival.html
     
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  2. Old Geezer

    Old Geezer Legendary Survivalist
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    Love the photo! Look at all of the ferns! Only old growth forests in S.Appalachia have wet forest floors.
    "Mountain areas at their highest points produce what is called 'Header Streams'. These are where the water source starts from & these eventually run into streams or creeks which eventually lead to lakes & rivers." Keith H.
    Your statement above is a major life-saver where I'm from. People who try to "get back where they started from" end up in trouble. Admit that you are lost and go into survival mode.

    My regular vehicle is an on-demand 4-wheeler, but the danger up in the mountains is to have a road-bank give way and put you off the road. Now, if you DON'T roll down the side of the mountain to your death -- say, a tree stops you (man, do I have a long story about this tree life-saver; plus a dozen mountain road stories; when a student, forestry service was one job of many I worked) -- AND you can walk/limp away from this wreck, AND the vehicle is stable, scavenge stuff from your vehicle if you must leave it. I ALWAYS keep the following in my vehicle: rain parka, ropes of varying sizes, rope hardware, hatchet, hurricane matches, a compass, an anti-wind candle holder, space blanket, small flashlight, plus I usually carry on my person a knife w/serrated edge (I keep more equipment in vehicle, but one couldn't carry it all of course). Only carry that which will be NO burden to you. Too much weight and you'll wear yourself out.

    In the mountains, your path will be what Keith H. said, find a stream and head where it is going. Streams = snakes, so your walking stick (find / make one) is now your test-forward snake detector. Never step over a log without testing the far side of it with your snake-detector stick -- super important around rocks also. Stick your hand in among some rocks without testing the area = you get bitten.

    Don't get your feet wet for two reasons. One, you'll get cold. Two, you'll get blisters. A co-worker who was on patrol for much longer than expected (Vietnam) and his socks rotted off. "There's a fungus among us." Hopefully you'll be among friendlies before Mr Rot-factor kicks in.

    Now let's say there's no making it to civilization before sunset. Accept that reality. Make a fire and make a lean-to. You can't just get wet in rainy conditions and you can't continually take the wind. Listen, hypothermia will take you out. Suffice it to say that I've been on the training side of this medical issue and I kiddest thou not: A perfectly healthy body will die if it gets too cold. And an injured body will go quickly.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trauma_triad_of_death

    http://farmersalmanac.com/health/2010/07/12/hypothermia-its-not-just-for-winter/

    When your body temp goes way down, your blood stops coagulating as it should -- REMEMBER THIS!

    I'm not going to discuss making a campfire or making a make-do wind-break -- there's plenty of literature out there. What you MUST do is make the decision that you MUST MAKE CAMP. Face up to the reality of it, "I ain't making it to civilization tonight." Gather your materials to make a cover. Gather your materials to make a fire. Do it. Just do it.

    There's so much more you can do, but I've already gone long-winded. I'll leave with this: It's OK to keep plastic drink bottles with you. When a bottle goes empty, crush it, keep it, it will re-inflate and you can gather water in it. In the re-inflated bottle, you can drop your iodine tabs (follow instructions on the tiny glass bottle in which they come). If you have a water filter with you, super!

    .
     
    Last edited: Jan 24, 2017
    Keith H. likes this.
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